About Us Downloads Blog Contact Us Our Location

Aortic Aneurysm

Abnormal enlargement or bulging of the aorta is known as aortic aneurysm. This enlargement usually affects only a small part of the vessel and occurs when a segment of the vessel becomes weak. The pressure of the blood flowing through the vessel creates a bulge at the weak spots. The bulge usually starts small and grows as the pressure continues. Aneurysms are dangerous as they can rupture and cause internal bleeding.

Causes for Aortic Aneurysm are

  • Atherosclerosis: When plaque sticks to the lining of the blood vessel wall, it weakens the blood vessel, resulting in a condition called atherosclerosis which is also the most common cause of aneurysm.
  • High blood pressure: This puts stress on the wall of the aorta causing aneurysms.
  • Diabetes: Unmanaged diabetes damages blood vessels causing aneurysm.
  • Injury: Injury to the chest or abdomen can leave the aorta vulnerable to bulging.

There are two types of Aortic Aneurysm

  • Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm: An aneurysm that occurs in the chest portion or in other words the upper part of the aorta is called a thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA).
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: An aneurysm that occurs in the abdominal portion or in other words the lower part of the aorta is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).

Treatments for Aortic Aneurysm are

  • Surgery:
    • Endovascular surgery: It is a procedure in which a synthetic graft is attached to the end of a thin tube which is then inserted through an artery in the leg and threaded up into the aorta. This graft is planted at the site of the aneurysm and fastened in place with small hooks or pins which reinforces the weakened section of the aorta to prevent any kind of rupture.
    • Open-abdominal surgery: It involves removing the damaged section of the aorta and replacing it with a graft which is then sewn into place through an open-abdominal approach.
    • Open chest surgery: This procedure involves in removing the damaged section of the aorta and replacing it with a synthetic tube or graft which is then sewn into place.
  • Medications:
    • Statins. These medications are used to lower cholesterol, which can in turn help reduce blockages in the arteries and reduce your risk of aneurysm.
    • Beta blockers: They lower your blood pressure by slowing the heart rate.

CONTACT US APPOINTMENT