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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique used in emergency situations, including heart attack or near drowning. CPR is administered when someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped. The acronym of CAB - circulation, airway, breathing -is used to help people remember the order to perform the steps of CPR.

  • Circulation: The blood circulation is restored with chest compressions

    In this step the person in need of CPR is placed on his or her back on a firm surface. The person administering CPR kneels next to the person's neck and shoulders and places the heel of one hand over the center of the person's chest and the other hand on top of the first hand. The elbows are kept straight and the position of the shoulders is directly above the hands. The upper body weight is used to push straight down on the chest.

  • Airway: Clear the airway

    A person's airway is opened using the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver. In this step the person administering the CPR places a palm on the patients forehead and tilts the head back and then with the other hand, lift the chin forward to open the airway.

  • Breathing: Breathe for the person:

    With the airway open, the nostrils is pinched shut and the patient's mouth is covered with yours, making a seal for mouth-to-mouth breathing.