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Heart Disease Guide

Heart Health Guide - How to Prevent Heart Disease: Everyone should be concerned about their heart no matter what the age. Heart disease is the leading cause of death among adults and so it is important to work at keeping the heart healthy. It is never too late to start caring for your heart as many heart diseases can be prevented or even reversed by making diet and lifestyle changes.

  • Care for your heart starting now: The first thing that should be done if one has a history of heart disease in the family or experience any symptoms is to do a "healthy heart check-up". These are done to estimate cholesterol and triglyceride levels and to also give the doctor an idea of the type of heart problem you might have and it can be used by the doctor to guide him in doing whatever tests need to be done.
  • Having a Healthy Heart: An important part of the heart disease guide is to teach you how to have a healthy heart at any age. It is equally important for young people to think about it is as it is for a senior citizen as heart disease comes in all forms and can begin even at a young age. Nutrition plays a very important part in determining the health of the heart. A heart that is weak and undernourished will give out sooner than the rest of the body, so it is important to know what to eat right and what supplements to take to strengthen the heart.
  • Strengthen the Heart: Exercise is an important factor for a healthy heart. Exercise is good to help you lose and keep weight off, feel better emotionally and strengthen the muscles and organs. The heart is a muscle, and exercise helps it make healthier.

Healthy Heart Checkup: Heart disease is called the silent killer because many people do not have the obvious symptoms of heart trouble until they are having a real heart attack. So it is important that you get help if your doctor is concerned about your cholesterol or blood pressure.

  • Visit Your Doctor: It is always better to consult a specialist as they are familiar with the symptoms and patterns of different heart problems. The heart specialist starts with a medical profile to find out what your risks are of heart disease. Heart disease is a very common term used to refer to any heart related problem, but usually it is used to describe coronary arterial disease (CAD). It is a chronic disease in which the coronary arteries gradually narrow and harden causing chest pain and fatigue.
  • No Symptoms: Cardiovascular disease and heart attacks tend to develop slowly over a period of time, so early detection and preventive measures can make a huge difference. A thorough physical exam and evaluation your coronary risk profile determines the condition of the arteries. These tests can include blood tests to measure levels of cholesterol and C-reactive protein.
  • Tests to Determine Your Risk: There are many tests that are used to assess the condition of the heart. The EKG is a highly sensitive machine that detects irregularities and damage to the heart. The exercise stress test is used to monitor the heart's reaction under controlled exercise. An echo cardiogram is used to study the condition of the heart valves as it detects leaking or narrowing valves. An angioplasty involves inserting a catheter and dye into a major blood vessel which shows the doctor the exact number and position of any blockages in coronary arteries.
  • Don't Delay Your Checkup: If one is in a high-risk group, like people who are old, fat, smokers, or have a history of heart disease it is important to take precautions to prevent heart disease. If you want to live a long healthy life, you have to take care of your heart before it becomes permanently damaged.

Heart Attack Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment: Heart disease leads to heart attack in more than a million men and women every year. Myocardial infarction (MI) occurs when the heart muscle has suffered permanent damage.

  • Common Symptoms of a Heart Attack: The most recognizable symptom of a heart attack is experiencing pain or pressure in the chest, arm or below the breastbone. One may also feel severely weak, become very anxious, or have difficulty in breathing along with irregular. One can also develop sweating, vomiting, or dizziness for no apparent reason. Recognizing heart attack symptoms is important but these symptoms don't always lead to a heart attack. A type of heart attack found among diabetic patients is known as a silent MI, where no symptoms are detected.
  • What to do when Symptoms Occur: If you experience any symptoms one should seek medical attention immediately. The more quickly one receive treatment, the less damage it does to the heart and the first hour is critical.
  • Diagnosing a Heart Attack: To determine whether or not you've had a heart attack an ECG (electrocardiogram) is performed to assess the damage to the heart and to find the exact location of the damage. A blood test is also performed to determine the level of cardiac enzymes in the blood which tells us how severe the heart attack was and also when it started. An imaging test called echo cardiography is performed to test the heart's pumping ability.
  • Treatment for the Heart Attack: Treatment for a heart attack begins immediately and involves surgeries and medications. The medications used are aspirin or antiplatelets, which help to preventing blood clots, and thrombolytic therapy is done to dissolve blood clots. Bypass surgery is usually performed in the case of a severe blockage to help restore the proper amount of blood to the heart.

Symptoms and Early Prevention of Coronary Artery Disease: Coronary arteries which provide oxygen and blood flow to the heart sometimes harden or can become narrow due to plaque buildup on the lining or inner walls of the arteries. This is called coronary artery or heart disease.

  • Early Detection: Detecting coronary artery disease is not always simple as symptoms differ from person to person. So it's important to have frequent check-ups if you're considered to be at risk of developing coronary artery disease. Some people never experience any signs until a heart attack or even congestive heart failure occurs.
  • Recognizing the Symptoms: The most common symptom of heart disease is chest pain also known as angina. Another possible symptom is heart palpitations in which condition the heart has an irregular beat.
  • Tips to Help Keep Your Heart and Arteries Healthy: A healthy diet menu and exercising each day is important for the well-being of the heart. Eating in moderation and eating a variety of foods that strengthen the arteries and heart is also important. Avoid foods that are high in saturated fats and also avoid smoking or drinking excessive amount of alcohol as they contribute to heart diseases.

Ways to Reduce Your Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: It is important to take certain steps to reduce heart disease risks if you're a candidate and successfully fighting heart disease begins with combating it beforehand and taking preventative measures.

  • Maintaining a Proper Weight: Keeping one's weight at a reasonable level reduces heart disease risks as it aids in controlling a person's blood pressure, cholesterol level, and blood sugar level.
  • Staying in Shape: Daily activity and a healthy diet is the key to staying in shape.
  • Avoid Smoking or drinking excessive amounts of alcohol as they damage the heart's health.
  • Low doses of aspirin each day reduces heart disease risks but at the same time a high dosage of aspirin or when mixed with certain herbs or medicines can be detrimental to the health.
  • Using vitamins to supplement the diet helps to improve the health of the heart. Vitamin E has been known to help reduce heart disease risks, and they can indirectly help with other heart related problems.

Healthy Heart for all Ages: Heart disease is a major cause of death in men and women and although elderly people are more at risk, but nobody is immune to this deadly killer. A balanced diet which is high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals is important for all age groups. Smoking and excess intake of alcohol can also lead to heart diseases in both old and young alike. It is advisable to lead a healthy lifestyle and reduce stress and anxiety.

Exercise for a Healthy Heart: Exercise touches all areas of the body - physical, mental and emotional. Exercise strengthens the heart by making it stronger, and so the heart doesn't have to work hard to pump blood. It also helps to reduce the chances of developing other conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. Walking is a very good activity because it helps with your blood circulation enabling it to reach your whole body.

Nutrition and Heart Health: Nutrition is an important factor in maintaining a healthy heart. By making healthier choices one can increase the chances of leading a disease-free life. Restrict Trans-fat and hydrogenated oils and intake of refined sugars and carbohydrates to lead a healthy life free of any heart disease. Include Omega3 fatty acids, vitamins and supplements into the diet.