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Homocysteine is a type of amino acid which is usually found in the blood and it is acquired mostly from eating meat. High levels of homocysteine are often related to the early development of heart and blood vessel disease. Those who have a high homocysteine level don't get enough folic acid, vitamin B6 and B12 in their diet and replacing these vitamins often helps return the homocysteine level to normal. High homocysteine levels in the blood damages the lining of the arteries and can make blood clot more easily than it should. Homocysteine is measured by doing a simple blood test. High-risk patients with high homocysteine levels need to take vitamin B in their diet which can be found in a wide variety of fruits, leafy vegetables, and grain products fortified with folic acid.