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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a condition in which one part of the heart becomes thicker than the other parts. This makes it harder for blood to leave the heart, forcing the heart to work harder and it also can make it difficult for the heart to relax and fill with blood.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy signs include

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Heart palpitations

Causes for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are

  • Gene mutations
  • The heart muscle cells become jumbled contributing to an irregular heartbeat.
  • Can be caused when there is an obstruction of blood flow

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can be treated through

  • Septal myectomy: This is an open-heart operation in which the thickened, overgrown septum separating the two bottom heart chambers is removed. This improves blood flow and reduces mitral regurgitation. Myectomy is done when medications don't relieve symptoms of this condition.
  • Septal ablation: Also termed as septal alcohol ablation, it is a treatment in which a small portion of the thickened heart muscle is destroyed by injecting alcohol through a catheter into the artery supplying blood.
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD): It is a small device which is placed under the skin just below the collarbone to send electrical signals to the heart when it goes very fast. It is also helpful in regulating heartbeat.
  • Pacemaker: A small device called pacemaker is placed under the skin near the collarbone and connected to a pace wire positioned inside the heart. It delivers small electrical impulse which stimulates the heart to beat faster when it is going too slow.