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Symptoms of Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital heart disease is a birth defect found in either the structure of the heart or one of the great blood vessels which leads to or away from the heart. These defects affect not only the way blood flows through the heart, but also may affect the way the heart functions or beats. The symptoms associated with Congenital Heart Disease are sometimes very difficult to detect in children and easier to be detected in adults.

  • Shortness of Breath: It is a common symptom for those who are born with a heart defect. Heart defect causes poor blood flow to the lungs allowing fluids to buildup in the lungs and causing respiratory problems. Children with heart defects easily develop shortness of breath when they exert themselves.
  • Cyanosis: It is a symptom where the skin takes on a blue coloration due to a lack of oxygen in the blood. In heart defect cases the blood vessels that are responsible for moving blood to the lungs to get enriched with oxygen are not formed properly and as a result instead the un-oxygenated blood is re-circulated back to the tissues.
  • Fatigue: Congenital heart disease hinders with the proper blood flow causing fatigue or tiredness.
  • Heart Murmur: An unnatural sound heard through a stethoscope is referred to as a heart murmur. This sound may be due to improper or disrupted blood flow and is often heart thought of as a first sign of heart disease.

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