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Triglycerides

Triglycerides are fat deposits that are kept in the body. Triglycerides are formed when body transforms the carbohydrates in food into glucose which is used for energy by the cells. Excess glucose not used by the cells are sent back to your liver and converted to glycogen. This is then stored in the muscles and excess glycogen is sent back to the liver where it becomes triglycerides, which are stored as fat. The triglycerides that is not stored as fat remain in the blood stream which thicken the blood and increases the possibility of clotting and blockage which can eventually lead to a heart attack or stroke. So it is important to keep your triglyceride levels as low as possible. Elevated triglycerides may contribute to a hardening of artery walls, and that may elevate your risk of heart attack or heart disease. When the blood plasma contains too many triglycerides in it, the condition is called hypertriglyceridemia. This is considered a symptom of coronary artery disease. Triglycerides and cholesterol are often thought of as the same thing but in reality they are distinctly different components of dietary fat. Cholesterol is needed for building and maintaining important part of the cells such as the cell membranes. Triglycerides on the other hand are chains of high-energy fatty acids which provides the energy needed for the tissues to function

The optimal level of triglycerides in the blood is:
  • 200 mg/dL or greater level of triglycerides also increases the risk for heart disease. So it is advised to keep the triglycerides below 200mg/Dl.
  • Less than n150 mg/dL: normal
  • 150-199 mg/dL: borderline to high
  • 200-499mg/dL: high
  • Above 500 mg/dL: very high

There are ways that Triglycerides can be lowered which can be done either with the help of diet, exercise or medication:

  • If you are overweight the best way of lowering triglycerides is by losing weight.
  • Adding food which contains Omega-3 fats like fish or high-quality fish oil supplement will help in lowering triglycerides.
  • Include healthy fats like those from olive, nuts and avocados in your diet but avoid unhealthy fats like Trans fats.
  • Lower your triglycerides by eating plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  • Reduction in alcohol intake will lower the triglyceride levels.
  • Reduce the consumption sugary foods and drinks, as sugar increases insulin production which in turn increases triglycerides.
  • Regular exercise helps burn calories and lower triglyceride levels.
  • Stress causes triglycerides to stay in your blood longer, so it is advisable to lessen your stress.
  • Medication is recommended when changes in diet and lifestyle don't bring your triglyceride levels back to a healthy range.

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